If Your Child Is Sitting Like This, Here’s Why You Need to Stop Them Now

My daughter’s just over a year old, so there’s really not much she’s doing “wrong” yet. (Trust me, like all of us, she’ll get there.) If she smacks our family pet, it’s less hostility and more that she doesn’t have full control of her arms. If she throws her food, it’s not an act of insubordination but just her method of communicating that she’s done eating. So, when a family member alerted me to something my child was doing that she needed to stop at once, I was taken aback. Especially because, at that particular moment, she wasn’t stealing her playmate’s toys or eating an expensive coaster as she’s sometimes known to do. She was just sitting there.

Turns out, the way she was sitting — with each leg splayed at her side, knees in front and feet behind, to form a “W” shape — was all kinds of bad.

According to a vast majority of physical therapists, there are several key reasons why:

W-sitting limits core strength because it gives kids a wider base of support. Because they don’t have to engage their abdominal or back muscles in this position, kids often prefer it to more challenging, tiring positions, like with legs in front, at their sides, or crisscrossed.
W-sitting causes muscle tightness, particularly in the legs and hips but also knees and ankles.
W-sitting aggravates neurological issues such as low muscle tone, which means when kids aren’t actively using their muscles, those muscles are floppier and softer and have a harder time holding their bodies upright.
What this all means, most therapists agree, is that prolonged W-sitting throughout childhood can lead to a delayed development in gross motor skills like coordination and balance. For those parents hoping to raise a star athlete, this position’s effect on postural muscles can also be cause for concern.

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Why do some kids sit like this? It’s by far the steadiest way for children of all ages to sit, and aside from that innate tendency to achieve the most stability, it’s also been attributed to time spent in infant carrier devices, like swings, bouncy seats, and car seats.

Seeing as my daughter had graduated from infancy, I was immediately concerned that the damage was already done. I had tried my best to limit her time in her baby swing and the oversize, overpriced ExerSaucer that I had bought under the assumption it was actually good for a baby’s development, but here she was, W-sitting at every turn. I had never noticed it until now.

What can be done? Well, the somewhat alarmist recommendation is to get them to stop doing it immediately — that, whenever you see your child W-sitting, you either physically move their legs into a suitable position (if they’re too young to understand) or tell them to do so.

So, with a watchful eye, I adjusted her legs every time she sat incorrectly, and my husband and I instructed our child’s caretakers to do the same. Occasionally I’d correct her, and it’d be fine, but plenty of times, adjusting one of her legs would make her cry and most times, doing so annoyed her to the point that she was no longer interested in sitting and scooted off to go do something else.

She wasn’t the only one getting fed up, and it had only been a week. I dug a little deeper and found that a few pediatric occupational therapists out there don’t view this seated position as a problem necessarily. There’s not much evidence that shows causation. That is, yes, children who W-sit often have orthopedic issues and muscle tightness. But W-sitting hasn’t been proven to be the cause of those issues, which makes one wonder: could tight hamstrings and hip dysplasia lead to W-sitting, not the other way around?

One such unconvinced therapist, Rachel Coley, happens to be the mother to a W-sitter and maintains it’s perfectly normal for kids to sit this way.

She notes that it’s a simple sign of flexibility and aids in fine motor control because you need to assume the most stable seated position possible when engaging in tasks that require “coordinated, controlled movements of the hands and fingers.” Coley also noted that, for babies in particular, W-sitting provides a convenient, “natural transition” from crawling or kneeling to sitting.

However, based on how strongly most certified therapists feel about W-sitting, I’m not taking any chances. I’m going to keep my eye on it, and I’ll encourage other parents who were unaware of this issue to do the same, especially if they have older kids showing some of the negative side effects. But, if my child is having the time of her life smacking two wooden blocks together, I’m not going to spoil the fun if she happens to be W-sitting.

6 Tips on Applying to Pharmacy School

Applying to professional school can be a stressful time for anybody. Getting together applications, taking the required tests, and traveling to schools for interviews load on a series of important tasks. However, at the end of the four-year program, students will have earned their Doctorate of Pharmacy and can be fully licensed. This set of tips will help students looking to apply to pharmacy school by easing any sense of stress and helping students appear their best.

1. Complete the necessary applications and prerequisites as early as possible

Many pharmacy schools participate in rolling admissions. This process means that programs start accepting students within the application period and continue as more applications are received. The earlier a student applies ensures that the application gets reviewed multiple times in the context of other students’ applications. Furthermore, students that have completed all of their prerequisites, or already have their bachelor’s degree, are often viewed more favorably in the admissions process because they are more likely to be viable candidates for matriculation.

2. Sign up for the PCAT early in order to avoid late fees
PCAT is the required pharmacy admissions test of many U.S. pharmacy schools. The test is usually administered in September, January, and July. Thus, it is imperative that students plan accordingly in order to allow for test results to be sent to their respective schools. Additionally, administering dates are limited and popular days of the week fill up fast at testing sites. Be proactive in looking up dates and attempt to sign up as early as possible. The late fees associated with not signing up on time are significantly large.

3. Don’t stress over interviews
The interview portion of the application is simply required to make sure the student is just as interested in the particular program as the school is interested in the student. Most pharmacy schools manipulate their interviews into full days that include information sessions and campus tours. The school wants you to feel warm and invited at the school while learning more about their program. Often, the interviews consist of a staff/faculty panel with the occasional student interviewer. The interviews generally aim to see how the student communicates and if they do so clearly. Furthermore, the interviewers want to get to know who you are and see how you represent yourself when not using a paper application.

4. Dress and act appropriately
If you are invited for an interview day, dress and act appropriately. Students are being interviewed for a professional school and should thus dress professionally. Suits or dress suits are the necessary uniform for these types of settings. Additionally, students are expected to act professionally. Addressing the faculty using their appropriate titles goes a long way. General courtesies such as saying thank you and holding the door open for others may give just the right impression to the admissions committee that will be evaluating your application later that week.

5. Get to know the program before arriving on campus
While learning about the program and the services they offer helps answer questions asked by the staff about why you want to attend, it also sets up the student to come prepared with questions. Getting to know the program is a large part of the day. Coming prepared with questions allows the student to get the most of the information sessions and campus tour by not having to continuously think on their feet.

6. Set yourself up for success
Finally, setting yourself up for success will be the best way to prepare for the application process. This process means participating in extracurricular activities that yield leadership service and community involvement. These activities could be as simple as creating your own student organization or organizing a community 5K one weekend. Furthermore, previous pharmacy experience goes a long way in convincing the admissions committee that you want to become a pharmacist. The experience shows the school that the student has seriously considered the profession and will be more likely to matriculate into their particular program. Using these tips should significantly ease the admissions process. Ultimately, help yourself by getting ahead of the ball. Complete the PCAT, your applications, and your prerequisites early in order to be the most viable candidate.

7 Questions to Consider Before Asking for a Higher Salary

Mostly, raises happen when we ask for them, but still there are bosses who are not greedy and are ready to share their money with us. If you are not lucky enough to have a generous boss, then it may be time to go for a higher salary. The consequences of your request might be pitiful, so before you ask for your dream raise, consider the following questions:

1. What is the office’s pulse?

If your boss has never shown any signs of a greedy attitude but still they do not raise your salary, chances are the company has some problems or is undergoing some serious changes. Figure it out before you ask for a higher salary. Otherwise, you will not only hear a firm ‘no,’ you will also make your employer feel uncomfortable and even ashamed. They will remember that.

2. What kind of person is your boss?
Not all bosses are the same. If your employer is always ready to discuss the office as well as personal problems with their employees, chances are they will not get mad when you ask for a raise. Even if they say ‘no,’ they will try to explain the reason. However, if you are sure that your boss will start yelling as soon as you say a word ‘raise’ or ‘promotion,’ you have to be prepared to give facts that prove you really deserve that raise.

3. Are you working hard?
You are arriving at 9 and leaving at 5 and get crazy when you have to stay a minute longer. You are scrolling through Facebook, doing some shopping, chatting with friends and gossiping when you should actually be working. You say ‘no’ to new tasks and responsibilities and do the minimum. Be honest with yourself. If all those things sound familiar to you, forget about the raise.

4. Are you doing amazing work?
When you do amazing work, you do not have to go beyond your 9 to 5 schedule. You can work for 2 hours but accomplish fantastic projects that help the company grow. Show your boss that you are doing amazing, and most importantly, effective work. This way, it will be easier to ask for a higher raise.

5. How much do other people with your job earn?
The comparison is bad, but in certain cases, it is a must. Do some research to figure out the salaries of the people who have the same job you have. Are they higher than yours? Find out more information about the companies they are working for, and discuss your investigation with your boss. Perhaps, they are too busy to do the researches like this.

6. What did you already add to your company?
Write down your biggest achievements in the company. Successful projects, bright ideas, you name it. Of course, you are not going to boast and tell your boss that the company would not be so successful without you. But knowing your value is important as well. It will help you figure out how much money you need or want and realize that you deserve that raise.

7. How much money are you going to ask for in a salary negotiation?
You cannot just come and say, ‘I want to have a higher salary.’ You have to know how much to ask for and explain why you want that amount. If you make $10,000 and would like to earn $15,000, ask for $18,000 – $20,000. Not only will you have more chances of getting your dream raise, but you will also have all the chances of getting more than you want.

Now that you are ready to ask for a higher salary, the last thing to consider is what you will do if your boss says ‘no’? Will you understand your boss? Leave your job? Ignore your responsibilities? Remember, every company has its ups and downs. Your boss may want you to get a higher salary, but they cannot do it right now.

7 Smart Ways to Get in Shape Before Summer

Summer is the most desirable and fantastic season we all are looking forward to. It is the time when we can relax and enjoy all the blessings of our life. The advantages of this wonderful season are endless. As a rule, most of us have vacation during this season and that is one of the reasons why we love summer so much. It is quite normal that women are greatly concerned about their appearance before going on vacation. Resorts at the seaside are the most popular places we used to go to and we need to have a perfect body in order to feel comfortable there. Unfortunately, lots of women gain weight during winter and when summer time is approaching they try to find some simple and effective ways to get fit quickly. If you are one of them, don’t be upset because you have all chances to improve your shape and look beautiful, just make sure you set your goals and work hard to reach them. I hope the following steps will help you to lose weight before your vacation.

1. Plan for Success
No matter what your life goal is, you should certainly make a plan to achieve good results. If you do things spontaneously without a plan, your efforts will never be successful. That’s why I recommend you to set a plan for every week and take all the steps that are necessary for getting in shape. Only this way you’ll be able to look amazing in no time.

2. Do Exercises Regularly
Once you have decided to lose weight for vacation, you should try your best to do regular physical exercises, otherwise your attempts and hopes to become slim will be ruined. To reach a success, you have to exercise no less than 5 times a week. It is important to keep in mind that you don’t have much time for your progress, therefore try to use every minute of your workout rationally. Go to the nearest gym or simply run every morning at the local park and you will definitely make a great contribution to your health.

3. Get Rid Of Unhealthy Foods
If there are various tasty foods in your pantry, you will always have a temptation to eat them. But these foods are generally high in calories and they may be harmful to your waistline. Thus, it is reasonable to clean out your pantry, removing all unhealthy food from it, and get wholesome snacks instead. Fill your refrigerator with healthier food like fruits and vegetables.

4. Go Food Shopping for Healthy Options
It should be mentioned that your daily diet really matters when it comes to losing weight. Be ready to make certain changes in your eating plan and include only nutritious and healthy foods into it. Visit your local supermarket and opt for foods that are beneficial for you. First, you’d better go to the greengrocer’s and purchase some veggies and fruits that are full of vitamins, and then take whole grains and don’t forget about lean proteins. Walk away from those aisles where you can see different sweets and pastries. It will help you to prevent a desire to buy them.

5. Control Your Weight Every Week
Positive thinking and good emotions are the best way to fulfill your plan without any obstacles. Some people often suffer from stress and frustration when they try to fight overweight. Those who keep calm finally get better results. The only thing you need is to be dedicated and hardworking and you will see the desirable effect. Control your weight at the end of every week. Consequently, you will know whether you make progress or you need to work more.

6. Order Your Swimsuit for Motivation
Despite the fact that your vacation is in a month, it would be nice to buy your swimsuit right now so that you’ll get extra stimulation to lose weight before your trip. You can’t find a better motivation than your thoughts of wearing a nice swimsuit and attracting admiring glances of your man and strangers. When trying on your bathing suit, you can even take a photo and you’ll be able to compare it with the one you will take during your vacation in a very short period of time.

7. Be Confident
It sounds unbelievable but your vacation will start in a couple of days. Now it’s time to sum up your results and to be proud of what you have done. Your confidence is an efficient way to demonstrate your slim and toned body to everyone who surrounds you. Get ready to relax, enjoy pleasant and sunny weather and always smile. Your smile is a sure sign of your success.

Have you already planned your vacation for this year? What places are you going to visit? I’m convinced there is some sea resort on your list of vacation destinations. If you have problems with your weight and want to get in shape for your journey, don’t worry as you still have enough time to tone up your body and become the most beautiful girl. Do you know any other effective ways to lose weight quickly?

10 Great Beauty Habits to Try

We all want to look our best every day, but sometimes we take on bad habits that keep us from it. We know we should avoid smoking, staying in the sun too long, and eating junk food, but that isn’t enough. Here are 10 great beauty habits you should work into your daily life.

1. Keep Makeup Light
Unless you’re going to the Academy Awards, there’s no reason to cake on the makeup, especially during the day. Not only does heavy makeup look unnatural, it’s bad for your skin. If you’re constantly clogging your pores with thick foundation and concealer, your skin will look tired and greasy. Clogged pores look dull and cause breakouts. Putting too much eye makeup on can cause wrinkles because you’re constantly pulling on the delicate skin around your eyes. Reduce the amount of makeup you apply every day, and consider taking 1 or 2 days off from makeup each week to give your skin a break.

2. Pat On Concealer
Concealer is heavy makeup that won’t look right if too much is smeared on. Pat it lightly into your skin, and always use your pinky finger when applying concealer around your eyes. This way you will get maximum coverage with the least amount of product.

3. Never Overdo Lips and Eyes at the Same Time
Sometimes you might want to make a statement. A smokey eye or new bright eye shadow colors can look great if it’s done right. Bright red lipstick or bright pink color can be equally attractive, but if you do both at the same time, your entire look will be off balance. Stick with one or the other.

4. Clarify Hair Once and a While
You could be having a week full of great hair days only to end with a day of limp, scraggly hair. The perfect shampoo and conditioner just don’t seem to work anymore. Clarifying your hair once and a while with a difference clarifying shampoo might be exactly what you need. Hair products have built up on your hair weighing it down. However, don’t use a clarifying shampoo more than twice a month because it can strip your hair of its natural oils.

5. Switch Products Every so Often
Sometimes you don’t need to clarify your hair. Switching hair products give a similar result without the drying effects. Have 2 or three different shampoos and conditioners on hand to keep your hair looking fresh. Do the same with other products such as skin care products or makeup. Sometimes your body just needs a change to start looking its best again.

6. Wash Off all Makeup Every Night
At night after a long day, it can be tempting to just fall asleep without washing the layer of makeup on your face. Don’t do this. Leaving the makeup on will not only stain your pillow case, it will suffocate your skin as well. It could cause acne and other inflammation. Clean your face every night with a good makeup remover or wash your face with a cleansing oil. Makeup removing clothes also work well and are easy to use.

7. Test Out Makeup Before Buying
If you buy a makeup product that doesn’t work for you, it would be wasteful to throw it out or stick it in the back of your drawer and never use it. Even if you decide to wear it anyway, you won’t look as great as you could. Whenever possible, test out makeup at the store before you buy it. If you can’t test it in the store, find a friend, maybe the one who recommended it to you, who already has the makeup and try it out. Test out foundation and concealer on the back of your hand. You can see how it matches your skin and test coverage and durability.

8. Wear Sunscreen
Age spots can be covered up with makeup, but wrinkles are hard to mask. Both signs of visible aging can be prevented or at least postponed by wearing sunscreen. If you don’t like wearing sunscreen, look for makeup with sunscreen in it or always wear a large brimmed hat when you go outdoors. Sunglasses are also important to protect your eyes from UV rays.

9. Use Scrubs and Clay Masks
Dull skin is most often caused by dirt and dead skin cells sitting on top of your skin. Use a scrub at least twice a month to gently scrub off the gunk that a regular cleaner can’t clear off. Use a clay mask once or twice a month to shrink your pores and draw out toxins. Bentonite clay is great for facial masks.

10. Follow a Healthy Diet
The most important beauty habit you can develop to keep your hair, skin, nails, and face looking their best is to follow a healthy diet. Drink 64 ounces of water a day, get plenty of vegetables, fruits, healthy fats, and proteins, and keep the junk out of your diet whenever possible. A healthy diet starts from the inside.

Instead of focusing on your bad habits, develop new, healthy habits. Looking beautiful everyday takes work, but it can be achieved with great results without taking on much more work.

7 Ways to Increase Your Water Intake

Drinking water is essential to your health because the human body is made up of over 60% water. When your water intake isn’t equal to your output, you can become dehydrated and it can cause numerous health issues. Drinking enough water daily ensures that your body functions properly. The water flushes out toxins and helps energize the muscles of your body. Unfortunately, it’s not easy to drink enough water each day. We often get bored with water and crave sodas. Check out seven ways you need to increase your water intake.

1. Add fresh fruit
Drinking plain water can be a little boring, so why not spice it up? Add your favorite fresh fruit to the water and enjoy your drink. Its taste is very refreshing and exquisite and, of course, fresh fruit infused water has many health benefits. You can add a slice of lime, orange, lemon or cucumber to a glass of water. The good news is that you don’t have to go to spa or restaurants to enjoy the taste and health benefits of fresh fruit infused water. Make it at home and save your money.

2. Make water accessible
The main thing you should do is to get all harmful items out of sight. I mean a pitcher of juice or a bottle of Coke. These drinks are full of Aspartame, artificial dyes and unnatural sweeteners. Make clean water more accessible. You can buy water purifying system or bottled water. Moreover, if you are going to be out and about all day or sitting at a desk, don’t forget to take along a bottle of water.

3. Don’t gulp water at once
Sip water, don’t gulp! It is better to drink it partially all day long. Also, don’t wait until you get thirsty. Begin sipping early in the morning and sip all day long. It is harmful to gulp water at once, that’s why you should drink slowly and enjoy the taste of water.

4. Use reusable water bottles
I’ve got an idea how to increase the intake of water and I’d like to share it with you! If you don’t like running to the kitchen to fill your cup with water, try to do the following thing. Fill up 4-5 reusable water bottles with water and ice and place them in different rooms. You will have an opportunity to drink water more often than usual.

5. Keep water-to-go ready in your fridge
Unfortunately, my busy days don’t give me an opportunity to keep the level of water in my body in order. I don’t know about you, but I often forget to drink water. That’s why I always have water-to-go ready in the fridge. It takes a minute to grab a bottle and throw it in your bag. Thus, you can sip water almost everywhere.

6. Drink water before each meal
A glass of water 30 minutes before meal has a positive effect on your health. Firstly, it can reduce calorie intake. Secondly, it helps prevent overeating. But you shouldn’t drink more than one glass before each meal, because too much water can lead to serious health problems.

7. Eat water-enriched food
One of the easiest ways to increase your water intake is to consume more water-enriched foods. Fruits and vegetables, such as watermelon, cucumbers, strawberries and tomatoes, are high in water, so use them in your salads, smoothies or eat them raw. This way, you will increase your water intake and improve your overall health.

Water is a major constituent part of the body. It helps keep you hydrated as well as healthy. Do you drink enough water every day? What do you do to increase your water intake? Share your tips with us, please.

9 Signs Your Skin Needs More Care

Skin problems can plague you throughout life. Some people deal with acne for a lifetime. Some people have a variety of skin issues throughout life. There are many issues you can face when it comes to the skin, but the good news is there are ways to fix most of them because most of the time it’s your lifestyle that are truly the cause of the problem. Check out 9 sure signs your skin needs more care.

1. You break out a lot
Acne and pimples can be caused by hormones, bad diet, and even lack of water. Try increasing your water intake to flush out toxins. If you have a build-up of toxins in your body, this can cause breakouts. You also want to eat a healthy diet. Too much fat and sugar can lead to break-outs as well. Eat a diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables. Green tea can also help with break-outs as it contains antioxidants.

2. Your skin is dry and scaly
Dry skin can come from the lack of proper hydration. You want to drink at least eight glasses of water per day. This will make your skin look fresher and less dry. Dry skin can also occur if you don’t exfoliate and moisturize your skin. You can use a shower puff daily in the shower and that will keep your skin smooth. Moisturize after you get out of the shower and your skin is still damp so that your skin can absorb the moisturizer.

3. Your skin tone is uneven
Blotchy skin can be reflective of your inner health. If your skin looks uneven, you might want to improve the nutrition you’re getting and increase your water intake. Taking these simple actions should improve the look of your skin.

4. You are noticing wrinkles before you should
Wrinkles can occur prematurely due to sun exposure, smoking, and lack of hydration. Lifestyle choices can determine when you and how much wrinkles will appear. If you want to avoid wrinkles for as long as possible it’s important to eat well. Include plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet. Limit your exposure to the sun and always wear a hat. Most importantly don’t smoke. If you do smoke and you care about your looks, this is the best motivation to quite smoking.

5. Your lips are dry and cracking
If your lips are dry and cracking, this is most likely due to dehydration. You can use a lip balm to lock in moisture, but first you need to hydrate from the inside. Drink water throughout the day and you will notice your lips become less dry. You can also use a gentle exfoliant on your lips to slough away dead skin cells.

6. You tan and burn
Exposing your skin to the sun for long periods of time without proper sunblock can create dry, leather-like skin. You also increase your chance of getting skin cancer by exposing your skin to the sun unprotected. You may notice your skin aging more quickly than you expected if you’re a frequent sun tanner. You will begin to see wrinkles and discolouration long before you should, which will make you look older. If you use a tanning bed, the effects are just the same as the sun. Protect yourself by wearing a high SPF sunblock all year round.

7. Your skin is oily
Skin that is oily can be genetic, but it can also be caused by poor food choices and your skin care routine. If you over-exfoliate your skin or use too many products this can actually cause your skin to produce more oils. If you have naturally oily skin, but sure to choose skin care products that are made for oily skin.

8. You hide your underarms
Underarms are a trouble spot for many people, especially women. It’s an area that is mostly ignored unless it’s being shaved or being slathered in deodorant. Your underarms may be dry due to daily shaving. This is normal, but you can exfoliate and moisturize your underarms. Choose a deodorant that has a moisturizer in it.

9. You have scars
Many people deal with scars from either accidents they’ve had or picking at scabs or zits. The first thing you need to stop doing is picking at your skin. It’s tempting to do, but what you’re left with is a dark blemish that can be difficult to get rid of. Over time a scar may become lighter, but that’s not the case for everyone. If you are prone to picking at scabs or zits, cover them immediately with a band-aid to avoid the temptation.

Whenever you are dealing with skin issues, start with improving your diet to see if the issues clear up. In many cases they will, but if they don’t you can make an appointment with a dermatologist.

10 Tips for Choosing the Right Eye Shadow

Your eyes are one of your most prominent facial features. Like many women, you may wear eye shadow in an attempt to emphasize your eyes. Yet you may wonder if you are wearing the right color or even applying your eye shadow correctly. Choosing the right eye shadow depends on a number of factors: your skin tone, your outfit and the color of your eyes. Even your level of makeup application expertise plays a role. Read on to find out a few ways to choose the right eye shadow.

1. Eye Shadow Choices for Brown Eyes
Brown eyes range in shade from very light to almost black. Women with brown eyes also have a range of skin tones, from fair to chocolate to black, although their hair tends to be dark. Because of this, there is no one range of shades that is right for brown eyes. However, women with brown eyes are almost always safe when choosing copper, bronze, champagne, green or pink shades.

2. Eye Shadow Choices for Green Eyes
Women with green eyes often have fiery manes of red hair and fair skin. However, green eyes can also appear with darker skin tones and blonde, brown or even black hair. In general, cool eye shadow shades such as green, blue, plum, and earth tones such as khaki and taupe look great with green eyes, although some women with darker hair may also be able to wear eye shadow in warmer tones such as copper and gold.

3. Eye Shadow Choices for Blue Eyes
Women with blue eyes often look sensational wearing cool colors such as green, blue, purple and rose. Colors that are associated with winter and spring are often a natural match with blue eyes, especially if the woman also has blonde or light brown hair. Many women with blue eyes look amazing with gray and slate eye shadow.

4. Eye Shadow Choices for Hazel Eyes
Hazel eyes can be more green, more brown or more gray. The dominant color in hazel eyes will also determine what eye shadow colors are right. For instance, women with green-hazel eyes should favor cooler eye shadow shades, while women with eyes that are brown-hazel may find that warmer eye shadow colors make a better match.

5. Eye Shadow Choices for Warm Skin Tones
If the veins in your wrist are greenish rather than blue, you likely have a warm skin tone. Likewise, if gold jewelry looks better against your skin than silver, you likely have a warm skin tone. Many women with brown and olive skin have warm skin tones. If you have a warm skin tone and dark eyes, look for eye shadow in green or gold. If you have a warm skin tone and green or blue eyes, opt for eye shadow in rose or plum shades.

6. Eye Shadow Choices for Cool Skin Tones
If the veins in your wrists are blue and silver jewelry looks better on you than gold, you likely have a cool skin tone. Many women with cool skin tones have fair skin with bluish undertones, but women with very dark skin may also have a bluish cast to their complexions. Eye shadow shades such as forest green, and deep blue often look fantastic on you. Cool purple and lavender also work with your complexion.

7. Eye Shadow Choices Daytime
In general, eye shadow choices for daytime should be somewhat more subdued. This means choosing matte instead of glittery or metallic shades. You can still wear vibrant colors, but perhaps colors that are somewhat muted: gray-blue instead of electric blue or a softer shade of green. Neutral shades such as gray are almost always appropriate.

8. Eye Shadow Choices for Nighttime
When you are out on the town, there is no need to feel constrained in choosing eye shadow shades. Go for those electric blues, glittery golds or any other shade that works with your eye color, skin tone and your outfit. You can even match dramatic eye color with distinctive lip color, even though the rest of your makeup palette should be neutral to avoid creating an unfortunate clown look.

9. Coordinate Eye Shadow Shades With Your Outfit
If your eyes are blue, your outfit is blue and you have bluish undertones in your skin, perhaps you might want to skip the blue eye shadow, at least for that day. A better choice may be a complimentary color such as rose or a neutral eye shadow shade. Choosing an eye shadow that exactly matches your outfit may create a matchy-matchy look that gives the impression that you are trying just a bit too hard.

10. Try Eye Shadow Before You Buy
The number one rule for choosing eye shadow, regardless of your eye color, your skin tone, your wardrobe or any other factor is try before you buy. One manufacturer’s slate blue eye shadow may be quite different from how another manufacturer interprets the same shade. You may find using cream eye shadow difficult, or powder eye shadow may look too flat for your taste. If one shade doesn’t work, keep trying until you find a shade that does. You may soon find that you have an entire range of go-to eye shadow colors.

Choosing the right eye shadow doesn’t have to be tricky. Follow these tips and you will find what eye shadow color is best for you.

10 Simple Steps to Rosy Pink Lips

Your lips play a big role in determining your overall attractiveness. Having dry, dull lips can be unsightly and off-putting to those around you. However, it’s easy to get the healthy and vibrant lips you’ve been dreaming of if you know a few tricks. Here are ten simple steps to rosy pink lips:

1. Keep lips moisturized
The first step towards getting naturally pink lips is to use moisturizing lip balm. It’s best to apply a liberal coating at least twice a day. It’s especially beneficial to put on a thick layer before bed. Your lips will soak up the added moisture while you sleep and you’ll awaken to a rosier color in the morning!

2. Avoid too much sun exposure
You probably know that too much sun can be bad for the skin on your face and body. However, you may not know that those rays can damage your lips as well. Try to limit your sun exposure as much as possible. If you must be out in direct sunlight, at least use a lip balm with a high SPF count.

3. Lay off the caffeine
Caffeinated drinks can be detrimental to your health in general, but they can particularly affect your lips. Caffeinated beverages like coffee, soda and tea are often dark in color. Sipping them too much can lead to dark lips and may wear away at your lips’ natural protective layering. If you aren’t willing to give up your daily latte or cappuccino, consider opting for a smaller size and drinking it right down rather than nursing it all morning.

4. Stay hydrated
While you should steer clear of caffeinated drinks, that doesn’t mean you should avoid drinking plenty of water. Staying hydrated is a great way to achieve rose-colored lips. Just like the rest of your skin, your lips will appear brighter and healthier when they’re given an adequate amount of H2O. So drink up and you will have those pinker lips you’ve been hoping for.

5. Use a lip scrub
Exfoliating is another terrific tactic to attain pink lips. There are several good products available at your favorite cosmetic store. However, you can also make your own homemade scrub by blending equal parts of sugar, water and honey until a paste forms. Rub the mixture onto your lips with your finger or a lip brush before rinsing it thoroughly. The exfoliation will repair damaged lips and stimulate the growth of new skin, which means your lips will look rosier.

6. Avoid high-pigment lipsticks
If you typically use somewhat darker shades of lipstick like burgundy, fuchsia or maroon, you may be darkening your lips without even realizing it. Many of those darker shades contain higher levels of pigment. That pigment can be absorbed into your lips and leave them looking drab. Stick with lighter tones of lipstick to highlight your natural rosiness.

7. Remove lipstick before bed
You should always take off any heavy lipstick or lip liner before you hit the sack. Be sure to remove any traces of lip makeup by rubbing on a little petroleum jelly and letting it sit for a few minutes. Then, you can wipe off the jelly with a cotton ball and any remaining lipstick will smear off with it. By taking away all the lip makeup you’ve worn throughout the day, you’ll allow your lips to “breathe” and reduce the chance of absorbing the aforementioned pigment.

8. Suck on some citrus
Citrus fruits like limes, lemons and oranges all contain acidic properties that can rejuvenate lips and make them appear rosier. By sucking on one of these fruits, you’ll coat your lips with the juice and reap all the healthy benefits. In other words, puckering up with citrus can lead to puckering up pinker lips!

9. Cut down your sodium intake
Consuming too much salt can leave your lips dull, cracked and dry. Cutting down on your sodium intake can help combat that dryness. Skip the salt shaker and try to avoid eating too many sodium-laden processed foods. Your lips will benefit greatly from the dietary changes.

10. Smack your lips
Sometimes you don’t want to wait for moisturizing lip balms or scrubs to work. For example, you might want your lips to have a rosy glow for a driver’s license picture or a selfie while you’re on vacation. In those cases, pursing and smacking your lips together a few times will stimulate blood flow and momentarily give them a pinker tone. It’s a temporary fix, but at least you’ll have the rosiest lips in all the family photo albums!

Every woman would love to have lips that look vivid and nourished. By using the steps on this list, you can get the rosy pink lips you’ve always wanted. Give all these tips a try to sock that dullness right in the kisser!

11 Easy Ways to Improve and Expand Your Vocabulary

Whether it is a job interview or a reunion with someone important to you, it is natural to want to impress with your eloquence, sophistication, and vocabulary. But how do you make this happen? Ways to improve vocabulary are easy to find. Nowadays a lot of people look for effective ways to improve their vocabulary.

Why? Because our language is an incredibly rich language, and it would be great to know as much words of it as possible. Additionally, improving your vocabulary reduces the probability of embarrassment when you do not understand what someone is talking about. Read on to discover a few easy ways to improve and expand your vocabulary.

1. Cut out the slang
That occasional “ain’t” may seems like it gives you a sharp edge, but really, it is downsizing your intelligence. Next time, when you catch yourself about to toss out some odd slang word, bite your tongue and take it back. How else can you phrase the same word without resorting to slang? Make sure you also cut back on the common “um” and “uh.”

2. Read
Get out to your local library and pick up some books that pique your interest. Fiction, non-fiction, any genre, any author. Just read. Let yourself get immersed in a fictional story, or find yourself learning more and more with a non-fiction book.

The more you read, the more words you encounter, which helps you develop a larger vocabulary. And once you do learn a few new words, apply them. Reading is a key to broadening your knowledge.

Do not forget about newspapers. Reading at least one intellectual newspaper is another effective way to improve your vocabulary. Newspapers include a plenty of “big words,” especially on specific topics such as finance and economics. Read a few articles, note down any new words, and try to remember them.

3. Solve the crosswords
Do you like crosswords? Have you ever thought that it is a great way to expand your vocabulary? Even if you do not like crosswords try to solve at least one crossword every week. Can’t solve a crossword? Wait until you can access the answers. If you have not seen some words before, then you have just added a few new words to your vocabulary.

4. Get some outside help
There are lots of websites which provide customized programs based on your intelligence to improve your vocabulary. Just browse a little and see what you can add to your vocabulary. Find one of these websites, create an account, and use their programs daily. Make a conscious effort to use a vocabulary program at least once a day.

5. Think before you speak
Yes, this proverb applies to more than one situation, but when you want to improve your vocabulary, conscious thinking can help a great deal. If you don’t know how you quite want to phrase something, let your brain think a little longer so you can come up with a coherent, flowing sentence.

6. Strategize
Choosing a strategy that works for you is crucial when you are trying to develop your vocabulary. Mnemonics strategies, or techniques that involve memorization, can help you retain any word you come across. A great, simple strategy is flashcards.

Buy a pack of index cards and write vocabulary words you would like to learn and use on the front, and write its definition and an example sentence on the back. Another strategy is leaving sticky notes on your mirror.

Write a new vocabulary word, its definition, and example sentence on a Post-It, and then stick it to the mirror you use every morning. Or attach it to your fridge. Use strategies that are effective for your learning style.

7. Grab your old dictionary
One of my favorite ways to improve vocabulary is by using a random dictionary method. Just flick through and open the dictionary at a random page. Even if you know most of the words, there will be at least a few that you’ve never encountered before. It is interesting to see how many words you do not know.

8. Write
Whether it is a detailed journal entry or a memoir about a life-changing experience, embark on a writing project. Even if you do not feel comfortable at first, experiment with words, adjust your sentences, and tweak your phraseology.

Choose a type of writing you would like to take up and try it. Once you are writing, apply words you learn from the world around you and incorporate them into your writing. This allows you to memorize words more effectively, and it also helps you weave them into sentences that you will later use in a conversation.

9. Be more attentive
The world is constantly changing, with new terms being tossed out frequently by stylish trend-setters on the sidewalk and new entries being added to the dictionary every minute. Take a moment to pay attention to the conversation around you, and learn how to pick out interesting words you do not know.

Use context clues to figure out what the word means. If your coworker’s talking about “eliminating” a dumb speller from a school spelling bee, put two and two together – a dumb speller would not be chosen to stay in the spelling bee. So “eliminating” must mean “removing from the bee” in that context.

10. Thesaurus
If you do not have a thesaurus, you should think about investing in one, because it is a great way to expand your vocabulary. Just look up words, which are similar in meaning to others. You may also use some online resources. The thesaurus feature in Word is greatly useful as well.

11. Ask questions
If you do not understand what a certain type of frame is called, look it up. If the pattern on someone’s sofa cover intrigues you and you want to buy the same one, check out a cloth store to see if you can find a similar pattern.

Ask questions and make an effort to get relevant, helpful answers. There are plenty of occurrences around you to strike your curiosity. The only difference is actually acting on your curiosity and taking the time to understand something.

Improving your vocabulary is also an excellent way to exercise your mind. You should never stop expanding your vocabulary. What’s your favorite way to improve your vocabulary? Share your tips with us, please.