Doctors Surgically Removed 28-Pounds of Feces From Constipated Man

A 22-year old Chinese man found himself in the hospital in really bad shape; he was weak and moaning in pain, his stomach so distended he looked 9 months pregnant. He had chronic constipation for most of his life and got to the point that laxatives couldn’t provide total relief from his pain and discomfort.

The patient looked like he was about to burst anytime!

Source: IBTimes
He was sent to surgery and after three hours, doctors were able to remove a massively swollen large intestine filled with feces; it weighed 28.6 pounds or 13 kilograms!

Source: Daily Mail UK
“It looked like it could explode at any time,” said Doctor Yin Lu of Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital.

The patient was diagnosed with Hirschsprung’s disease. It is a congenital condition in which nerve cells were missing in the bowel, which results to chronic problems in movement. Compared to a healthy digestive tract, food and waste stops in affected parts of the colon. The waste or the feces gathers up in the area and causes the large intestine to swell. In this patient’s case, it has turned into a “megacolon,” and if not operated on quickly could result to tearing or perforation and will release fecal bacteria that can cause sepsis.

This could lead to death so the man was lucky to have this operation just in time to save his life.

Source: Daily Mail UK
The disease is rare; it occurs in only 1 out of 5,000 newborns within 48 hours after birth. It can also manifest in older children through chronic constipation, distended belly, and malnutrition. The patient was already an adult when he was admitted to imagine the build-up of waste residing in his colon!

He was expected to recover fully after the operation. His story is a reminder for us all to monitor our bowel movements and keep our GI tract healthy. So if you notice constant abdominal pain and bloating that just wouldn’t go away, a trip to the doctor is a must.

This Rare but Deadly Complication of Liposuction Almost Killed a Woman. Here’s What Doctors Want You to Know

Liposuction is big business: A recent study found that it was 2016’s second most popular type of plastic surgery in the United States (after breast augmentation), with an average cost per procedure of $3,200. Overall, about 235,000 fat-sucking operations were performed last year.

And while the procedure is generally safe, a new article in BMJ Case Reports highlights a complication that nearly cost one 45-year-old woman her life. The paper details doctors’ experience diagnosing and treating a patient who developed a rare but serious condition called fat embolization syndrome shortly after a routine nip and tuck.

Fat embolization occurs when globules of fat break free from surrounding tissue and travel through the body, becoming lodged in blood vessels or the lungs and blocking the flow of blood or oxygen. It’s common after bone fractures or major trauma, but it has also been documented—at least two other times in medical literature—after liposuction.

Unfortunately, the doctors wrote in their report, the condition is “notoriously difficult to diagnose,” and many plastic surgeons don’t know that they should be on the lookout for symptoms.

In their paper, the doctors recall the case of an obese British woman who had undergone lower leg and knee liposuction two days earlier at a local hospital. “The surgery had been planned to remove some of the bulk of her lower legs to help her mobilize and subsequently begin the weight loss process,” they wrote.

The procedure itself was uneventful, and about 10 liters of fat were removed from the woman’s lower body. About 36 hours after the operation, however, the woman became drowsy and confused, and doctors noticed her heart rate was unusually high.

The woman’s condition worsened, and she was transferred to the intensive care unit, where doctors determined she had dangerously low oxygen levels in her body. After further tests, doctors realized that her symptoms were caused by fat embolization.

Once a diagnosis was made, the woman was treated with oxygen and drugs to help restore her oxygen levels, heart rate, and breathing to normal. She recovered fully and was released from the hospital after two weeks. But if not for her doctors’ quick thinking, things could have been much worse.

Fat embolization is not only hard to recognize, say the report’s authors, but there is no standardized set of criteria to help physicians make an official diagnosis. Although liposuction is not usually considered a high-risk procedure, people who are morbidly obese, who have fluid retention, or who have large volumes of fat removed are more likely to suffer from complications, they say.

Anyone considering liposuction or any other type of cosmetic surgery should talk with their doctor about the potential benefits and risks; it’s also important to interview surgeons carefully and choose one who’s certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. Make sure he or she operates in an accredited hospital or medical facility. Don’t fall for non-licensed “pros” who tout cosmetic surgery on social media.

If you do choose to go under the knife, following your surgeon’s post-op instructions can help reduce your risk of dangerous complications. But as with any medical procedure, always speak up if something doesn’t feel right.

The Story of the Hospital Staffers Who Took Photos of a Patient’s Genitals Raises Questions About Privacy and Security

Doctors and staff at a Pennsylvania hospital are under fire after what news reports described as a “ton” of employees crowded into an operating room to take cell-phone photos of a patient being treated for a foreign object lodged in his or her genitals, PennLive reported this week.

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center’s Bedford Memorial Hospital has been cited by the state’s Department of Health for the incident, which took place last December while the patient was under anesthesia.

A hospital employee initially told state investigators that a personal phone was used to document the case—“to use for future medical lectures”—because the operating-room camera was broken.

However, the health department determined that photos were taken on several phones, that some employees had shown their spouses or other people at the hospital, and that the operating-room camera was indeed working. One witness told investigators that “there were so many people [in the operating room] it looked like a cheerleader-type pyramid.”

The hospital alerted the health department when an employee complained about images circulating around the building in January. Bedford Memorial was cited for failing to protect a patient’s confidentiality and privacy, allowing people not involved in a patient’s care into the operating room, and allowing people to use personal devices to take photos of a patient.

As a result of the incident, two staff members were suspended and one was replaced. The hospital also alerted the patient who had been photographed, disciplined an unspecified number of other staff members, and required all surgical staff to attend a meeting on privacy and confidentiality.

Hopefully, those actions help prevent similar incidents from happening in the future. But unfortunately, doctors behaving inappropriately at the expense of a patient is more common than it should be.

In a 2015 editorial in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the journal’s editors addressed this issue. “Although we wish it were otherwise,” they wrote, “most physicians at some point find themselves in the midst of situations where a colleague acts in a manner that is disrespectful to a patient.”

The editorial was accompanied by an anonymous essay from a physician who recalled two instances of sexual or racist behavior by doctors, directed at patients while they were under anesthesia. One instance had been told secondhand, but one the author was present for—and felt too embarrassed to speak out at the time.

This isn’t the first reported case of offensive and inappropriate photography, either. After actress Joan Rivers died from complications during surgery in 2014, rumors surfaced that her doctor had snapped a selfie with her while she was unconscious.

In a 2008 JAMA study, 17% of internal medicine residents admitted to making fun of a patient, sometimes while he or she was under anesthesia. There have also been reports of doctors with inappropriate—and often publicly available—social media profiles, with posts that include private information about patients.

Of course, medical professionals can also act completely unprofessional even when their patients are wide awake, with offensive or insensitive comments that do exactly the opposite of making us feel like we’re in good hands.

Still, these cases are the exceptions, not the rule—and there are plenty of great doctors out there who put patients’ needs and feelings (and their privacy and other rights) first. There are also procedures and regulations in place at hospitals and medical facilities to prevent these episodes from occurring, and to respond to them if they do.

“By shining a light on this dark side of the profession, we emphasize to physicians young and old that this behavior is unacceptable,” wrote the authors of the 2015 editorial. “We should not only refrain from personally acting in such a manner but also call out our colleagues who do.”

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And while there may not be much patients themselves can do in many of these situations (like in the middle of a surgery, for example), it’s important to feel comfortable speaking up anytime something feels strange, says Health’s medical editor Roshini Rajapaksa, MD.

“Don’t fall into that old mentality that whatever the doctor says goes,” says Dr. Rajapaksa. “Trust your instincts, and if something seems off or feels creepy, say something.” Most hospitals have a patient advocate who will hear concerns and complaints, she says, “and you can always report unusual things to the state medical board.”

Here’s How 3 Doctors Answered the Question, “Are Eggs Good For You?”

Half Baked Harvest
I’d always viewed eggs as one of the few foods carefully safeguarded from the volatility of the food industry; unlike fat, coconut oil, and sugar, they would always be considered a healthy option. That is until Netflix’s documentary What the Health likened them to processed meats and even cigarettes (and caused me to rethink what I put into my body).

It turns out I’m not the only one confused about the nutritional content of this breakfast staple. MindBodyGreen recently tapped a few of the country’s top functional medicine doctors to set the record straight once and for all, admitting that “eggs have long been in the crossfire of controversy” when it comes to health.

Much of this controversy is centered around their cholesterol content—one egg yolk contains 186mg of cholesterol (you’re only supposed to have 300mg a day). With that said, “eggs have gotten an undeserved reputation as one of the leading causes of high cholesterol,” said Tiffany Lester, MD, the medical director of Parsley Health. “The suggestion that the higher saturated fat content in eggs accelerates atherosclerosis as much as smoking does is false.” She cites new research from the Harvard School of Public Health that has debunked this idea.

In fact, most of the doctors interviewed answered yes when asked if eggs were healthy. “Eggs can be a highly beneficial food for women because of how they support hormonal health,” adds Jolene Brighten, a naturopathic doctor and women’s health expert. “Eggs are an excellent source of vitamin A, which allows your cells to use the thyroid hormone, which affects your weight, mood, energy, and digestive health. They are full of biotin and choline, which is crucial in fertility and pregnancy.” Lester even called them “a cornerstone of a healthy diet,” as they contain “vital nutrients like choline, selenium, and vitamin B12.”

With that said, the type of eggs you eat matters a lot. “The sourcing for your eggs is of utmost importance, and it’s definitely worth spending the extra money or time to find pastured eggs, ideally purchased directly from a farmer,” writes the publication. “The anemic eggs from conventional factory farms are damaging to your body, to the animals, and to the planet,” added Ellen Vora, MD. The bottom line? If you like eggs, go for it, but make sure you’re buying eggs that are good for both your body and the planet.

I Used To Think Nurses Were Just Doctors’ Helpers

Before Jackson’s cancer diagnosis, I didn’t have much interaction with nurses. Outside of the school nurse, or the nice lady who didn’t want to give me shots but had to, I never really had an understanding of nurses. To me, nurses were just doctor’s helpers. I should have known better.

My maternal grandparents lived next door to a nurse for close to 50 years. Like most nurses, if anyone got hurt, she was the first responder to examine a cut or a jammed finger. My grandparents trusted her implicitly. It was actually this “next-door nurse” that administered the life-saving Benadryl before the ambulance arrived when my grandma went into anaphylactic shock.

I still didn’t “get it” until I was 26 and my 13-month-old was diagnosed with cancer.

I learned on Day 1 that nurses are at the heart of everything. Everything. Because they are:

The confidence builders. When your child has major surgery for the first time and come back from the operating room with bandages, IVs, swollen bodies and pain, engaging in their care doesn’t come naturally. You wonder: Can I hold them? Can I touch them? Am I going to hurt them? Are they going to be okay? Do they look comfortable? What is this cord for? Why does that look like that? Is this normal? I am so scared. That person you find standing next to you is your nurse. And they are in it with you. You can do this, they say. Let me show you how.

The teachers. Nurses aren’t ones to keep their knowledge to themselves. They want to empower you with the wisdom that you can be part of the medical team, too. A nurse taught me how to care for a central line. Another taught me how putting sock over a pulse ox will help it register on a wiggly toddler toe. In the middle of the night, a nurse taught me how to change a diaper of a child sleeping on their belly without waking them up. She taught me where the playroom was and where to find the quiet corner to cry. You will become a smarter person because of a nurse.

The encouragers. I didn’t want to be a cancer mom, but I was. I didn’t want to be a preemie mom, but I was. When the news is bad, a nurse is there to ease you into the next step. A nurse encourages you to educate yourself on your child’s needs. She (or he) encourages you to speak your mind, question, advocate and grow into a mama bear in ways you never imagined. You will become a stronger, more proactive parent because of a nurse.

The muscle. If you’ve ever witnessed a nurse take a stand against a doctor’s opinion, then you know they are tougher than nails. If you’ve ever had an unsolicited visitor arrive on your floor, she’s more serious than a bouncer at a Hollywood nightclub. You know these people? Want me to get them to leave? Nurses track down doctors on vacations, pharmacists on their lunch break for side effect questions and social workers in the middle of a meeting on another floor. Nurses know what’s up, who’s up and where’s up. Okay?

The givers of life. Not always, right? I disagree. Nurses bring babies into this world and they also hold the hands of their patients when they leave it. Being a nurse often means you’re there when the worst happens. You have a front row seat to when families receive a “new life” that scares them. In that moment nurses are the giver of life: they are the kind words, the gentle touch and the anticipator of needs. A nurse raises you up, shows you the first step… and then next… and the next… until you’re strong enough to walk in this new life on your own.

Thank you to our nurses, all of you, whether we met in Virginia, New York or Massachusetts.

Thank you to for being the one giving vaccines. No one likes that job, but someone has to do it.

Thank you for having the compassion to calm a screaming child coming out of anesthesia.

Thank you for finding us the good juice.

Thank you for teaching me to give my toddler shots.

Thank you for staying past shift change to make sure we were comfortable.

Thank you for squatting down to my eye level when he was finally asleep and I couldn’t move to talk to you.

Thank you for your suggestions, all of them.

Thank you for the Tylenol you found when my head hurt and I wasn’t even the patient.

Thank you for the tears that filled your eyes as well when the news wasn’t good.

Thank you for dancing the happy dance right alongside us when it was.

Thank you for your sense of humor and your peek-a-boo face through the door window. It made me laugh, too.

Thank you for everything you did that I saw, and for the things you did when my focus was on my child.

Thank you, on your days off, for being the next-door nurse.

Doctors warn against placenta pills after baby’s illness

The warning from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) doctors stems from a case involving a newborn in Oregon, who contracted a strep infection twice.  (iStock)

A group of doctors is warning against a growing trend among celebrities and some new parents that sees moms consume the placenta after birth in an effort to stave off postpartum symptoms. The warning from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) doctors stems from a case involving a newborn in Oregon, who contracted a strep infection twice.

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The unidentified infant had contracted group B Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) during birth and was given an 11-day course of ampicillin, according to a CDC newsletter, which detailed the case. Five days after treatment was completed, the child was admitted to the emergency room again for strep, and it was revealed that the child’s mother had been consuming two capsules of her hydrated placenta three times per day.


“A sample of the capsules was cultured, yielding penicillin-sensitive, clindamycin-sensitive GBS,” the CDC newsletter read, in part. “The three GBS isolates (one from each blood infection, and one from the placenta capsules) were indistinguishable by pulsed-filed gel electrophoresis.”

The mother was instructed to stop consuming the capsules, and the infant was given additional ampicillin and gentamicin before being released from the hospital.

“Although transmission from other colonized household members could not be ruled out, the final diagnosis was late-onset GBS disease attributable to high maternal colonization secondary to consumption of GBS-infected placental tissue,” the doctors said, in the newsletter.


The newsletter noted that there are no standardized practices for processing placenta products, potentially leaving room for error.

“The placenta encapsulation process does not per se eradicate infectious pathogens; thus, placenta capsule ingestion should be avoided,” the newsletter said. “In cases of maternal GBS colonization, chorioamnionitis, or early-onset neonatal GBS infection, ingestion of capsules containing contaminated placenta could heighten maternal colonization, thereby increasing an infant’s risk for late-onset neonatal GBS infection.”

Doctors Trained At Lowest-Ranked Medical Schools Prescribe More Opioids

Physicians trained at the United States’ lowest-ranked medical schools write more opioid prescriptions than physicians trained at the highest-ranked schools, according to a study by Princeton University researchers. The study suggests that better training for physicians, and for general practitioners in particular, could help curb the nation’s opioid epidemic.

From 2006 to 2014, “If all general practitioners had prescribed like those from the top-ranked school [Harvard], we would have had 56.5 percent fewer opioid prescriptions and 8.5 percent fewer overdose deaths,” said Janet Currie, the Henry Putnam Professor of Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Currie conducted the study with Molly Schnell, a Princeton Ph.D. candidate in economics.

Since 2000, the number of opioid overdose deaths in the United States has doubled, and many of those deaths were caused by drugs legally prescribed by a physician. Currie and Schnell wondered whether they could find a relationship between physicians’ training and their propensity to prescribe opioids.

Using a variety of public and proprietary databases, they were able to match all 2 billion opioid prescriptions written in the United States from 2006 to 2014 against a key piece of information about prescribing doctors: U.S. News & World Report rankings of medical schools where they received their initial training. U.S. News publishes annual rankings for 92 medical schools. Currie and Schnell also considered unranked medical schools in the U.S. and abroad as separate categories.

The researchers wanted to know whether each physician wrote any opioid prescriptions in the course of a year, and if so, how many. They ran two analyses: one for all physicians, and one only for general practitioners, who write about half of the nation’s opioid prescriptions. Geographic data let them identify where the physicians practiced.

The results were striking. Compared to doctors trained at the highest-ranked schools, graduates of the lowest-ranked schools were considerably more likely to write any opioid prescriptions at all in a given year. And among the opioid prescribers, graduates of the lowest-ranked school wrote more prescriptions. These differences were most pronounced among general practitioners. “General practitioners trained at Harvard write an average of 180.2 opioid prescriptions per year, those from the second- to fifth-ranked schools write 233 per year, and GPs from the seven lowest-ranked medical schools write nearly 550,” Currie said. Across all the ranked schools, the average number of opioid prescriptions rose as the rankings declined.

So far, Currie and Schnell had only found a correlation between doctors’ training and opioid prescriptions. Something else besides training could explain the differences they were seeing. In particular, doctors who went to lower-ranked schools might disproportionately see patients with a greater need for opioids, or personal characteristics of the people most likely to get into high-ranked schools might lead them to prescribe fewer opioids once they become doctors.

But the researchers found four pieces of evidence to support the idea that doctors’ training is behind the differences.

First, when Currie and Schnell compared physicians in the same specialty who practiced in the same hospital or clinic, they still saw differences in opioid prescriptions based on the rank of the doctors’ medical schools — and it’s unlikely that these physicians see vastly different types of patients.

Second, they found that among doctors who receive the most training in pain management after medical school — specialists in pain medicine, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and anesthesiology — differences in opioid-prescribing practices were much smaller. That finding suggests that training rather than the doctors’ personal characteristics was the key factor behind their propensity to prescribe opioids.

Third, among foreign-trained doctors, prescribing practices varied with the region where they received their training. Doctors trained in the Caribbean and in Canada were more likely to prescribe opioids than doctors trained in other parts of the world.

Fourth, differences in opioid-prescribing practices were least pronounced among the most recent medical school graduates. Yet the highest-ranked schools grew even more selective during the study period. If the personal characteristics of people who get into high-ranked schools were driving the differences Currie and Schnell found, disparities in opioid prescriptions should have increased rather than fallen. The researchers speculated that instead, the best ideas in pain management training may be filtering down from higher- to lower-ranked medical schools.

“A distinguishing feature of the opioid epidemic is that many overdoses and deaths can be attributed to legal opioids that were prescribed by a physician,” Currie said. “Training aimed at reducing prescribing rates among the most liberal prescribers, who disproportionately come from the lowest-ranked medical schools, could have large public health benefits.”

The study, “Addressing the Opioid Epidemic: Is There a Role for Physician Education?,” appeared on the NBER’s website in August 2017. As a working paper, it was not peer-reviewed or subject to the review by the NBER Board of Directors that accompanies official NBER publications.

Reducing Stress, Chronic Pain, & Talking to Doctors

In this episode, I talk to Dr. Kevin Cuccaro of I met him a few months ago at a conference and was impressed with his research on stress and dealing with chronic pain.

Many people struggle with chronic pain and Kevin has some valuable strategies for helping recover from it. Kevin is a doctor who left his private practice to pursue patient education and to help address some of the (major) problems in the health care system.

As a doctor, he also provides some valuable insight in how to understand and talk to your doctor so that you can get real answers.

In This Episode, We Discus

3:20 – Why as a doctor, he doesn’t want to see his patients all the time
4:30 – The frustration that doctors face
5:20 – Why stress can be good and why we need it
5:45 – The physiological effects of too much stress
6:30 – How stress impacts fertility and memory
6:55 – The continued effects of stress on the body
7:50 – How to become more resilient to stress and how stress is like a light switch
8:28 – How to turn stress on and off
9:02 – Tips to Practically reduce stress (Book: The Relaxation Revolution)
9:45 – What is the relaxation response
10:20 – How to activate your relaxation response to deal with stress
12:45 – What happens when your body doesn’t recognize stress
16:15 – What causes chronic pain
17:10 – Pain is all in the brain
17:45 – The biology of pain vs. the mental side of pain
20:00 – The core four for reducing stress and pain: Movement, Eating Right, Mindset, Avoiding Problems
24:00 – Understanding the mindset of doctors
28:00 – The frustration of the current medical system
32:00 – The shocking statistic on how a small percentage of the population is using 95% of healthcare resources
35:00 – The seven questions you should know the answers to before you see your doctor
38:00 – Health advice Kevin wishes he had gotten earlier in life
41:15 – Kevin’s recommended books and resources (and see below)

Resources We Mention

  • Book: Switch by Chip and Dan Heath
  • Book: The Relaxation Revolution
  • Book: Unlearning Pain
  • Book: Back in Control by David Hanscom
  • Kevin’s online videos and lectures about dealing with chronic pain
  • Straight Shot Health Podcast
  • Podcast: Seven Questions to Ask Before Seeing Your Doctor
  • Podcast: Understanding Pain
  • Tips to Reduce Stress (Wellness Mama)
  • Importance of Balancing Stress Hormones (Wellness Mama)
  • Stress and Sleep (Wellness Mama)

Here’s Why Doctors In The Know Have Stopped Prescribing Blood Pressure Drugs

We are quickly approaching the day when people diagnosed with hypertension can kiss goodbye to all their expensive ace inhibitors, calcium-channel blockers, beta-blockers, and other blood pressure medications. This is thanks to a breakthrough found deep in the Amazonian rainforest , that is going to change everything we thought we knew about how to treat high blood pressure…

No more having to visit your doctor for test after test, or having to swallow another expensive and toxic blood pressure pill ever again. Would you be willing to try a “Delicious Natural Diet” that could solve the problem of hypertension naturally in as quickly as 17 days?

Mr.David Riley, in a brave (and lucky) attempt to save him self from from 12 years of blood pressure medication and repeated mini strokes, discovered an hidden research about isolated Amazonian tribe (known as the Yanomamo Indians). The tribe has 0 cases of hypertension. Against all odds he was able to track one of the doctors who conducted the research but was keeping low profile ever since to keep his family safe. With the help of the Doctor, David received the original research findings including the exact recipes and meals that helps treat hypertension using the exact same ingredients the tribe has been consuming for decades.

After following the research, David’s systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings went from a frightening 220 over 140 down to healthy 113 over 71 by day 17 and it’s stayed at a healthy level ever since.

This simple home remedy succeeded in just 17 days where medication had failed for 12 years and best of all it has been scientifically proven to lower blood pressure in clinical trials.

By now you’re probably wondering why you’ve never heard of this method. The answer is pretty simple; Big Pharma. The pharmaceutical industry has gone to great lengths to keep this information suppressed. The hypertension “market” is worth billions of dollars in expensive prescription pills. Pharmaceutical companies make more money when you’re sick, which is why they aren’t in a hurry to let a natural treatment like this get out there.

Hypertension medicine makers are hardly about to step aside and lose out on the tens of billions of dollars it’s expected they will bring in every year. David believe that keeping people in the dark about safe alternative treatment options is unfair.

Even though Mr Riley is taking a risk by standing against the Big Pharma he went ahead and created this presentation to let everyone around the world the option to make the change and free themselves.

Watch the shocking presentation

There has been quite a shocking response to the presentation, which has been shared and seen by hypertension communities thanks to the power of the internet.

Some viewers are outraged over the information being suppressed and hidden, while others are just happy to find out that their lives will no longer revolve around pills and hospitals.

David is keen to stress that everyone can follow this method. He says that you would be surprised how powerful these ingredients when consumed at the right time and dosage each day.

Of course, viewers must exercise common sense. You should only discontinue a medicine with a doctor’s supervision. This video could be pulled down any moment, so make sure you click on it and watch all of it if it’s still up for you.

This Is What Your Headache Is Trying To Tell You, Say Doctors

Headaches are very common, and are usually harmless and go away on their own. However, sometimes these headaches can be a sign of something more serious. Here are some things to keep in mind the next time you have a headache that has these symptoms.

The most common types of headaches are tension headaches, a sinus headache or a migraine. People with these headaches usually experience a dull pain that builds slowly, but tends to go away after some time.

While the common headache is usually harmless, in some cases a headache can be a sign of a stroke, an aneurysm, a brain tumor, or bleeding in the brain. In very rare cases, they can mean that your arteries and veins are not connected correctly.

If your headache is all of a sudden and the pain is unbearable, it’s called a ‘thunderclap headache.’ They usually are the most painful after 60 seconds, and often are a sign of bleeding in the brain, and can be very serious.