3 non-developed countries you never thought to have stronger military power than developed ones

1. Ethiopia: Ethioipia is currently ranked 41 (of 133 countries) according to the GFP review.

Air Power – Includes both fixed-wing and rotary-wing (helicopter) aircraft from all branches of service (Air Force, Navy, Army). Air power is just one important component of the modern military force. Attack Aircraft represents fixed-wing and dedicated forms as well as light strike types (some basic and advanced trainers fill this role). Some fighters can double as attack types and vice versa – this is how multi-role aircraft can be of considerable value. Transport and Trainer aircraft include both fixed-wing and rotary-wing types. z
Image result for ethiopia military

Army Strength – Tank value includes Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) and light tanks (a few remain in service) as well as those vehicles considered “tank destroyers”. There is no distinction made between all-wheel and track-and-wheel designs. Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) value includes Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs) as well as Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs).

Navy Strength – Aircraft Carrier value includes both traditional aircraft carriers as well as “helicopter carrier” warships (the latter growing in popularity worldwide). Cruisers are no longer tracked due to their declining value on the world stage. Submarines value includes both diesel-electric and nuclear-powered types. Total Naval Assets is not simply a sum of the presented navy ship categories – instead it includes all showcased types along with any known / recognized auxiliary vessels (not tracked individually by this site).

The military power of Ethiopia is still stronger than developed countries like Chile, Philippines, Finland.

2. Nigeria: Nigeria is currently ranked 43 (of 133 countries) according to the GFP review.
Image result for nigeria military

Air Power – Includes both fixed-wing and rotary-wing (helicopter) aircraft from all branches of service (Air Force, Navy, Army). Air power is just one important component of the modern military force. Attack Aircraft represents fixed-wing and dedicated forms as well as light strike types (some basic and advanced trainers fill this role). Some fighters can double as attack types and vice versa – this is how multi-role aircraft can be of considerable value. Transport and Trainer aircraft include both fixed-wing and rotary-wing types.

Army Strength – Tank value includes Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) and light tanks (a few remain in service) as well as those vehicles considered “tank destroyers”. There is no distinction made between all-wheel and track-and-wheel designs. Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) value includes Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs) as well as Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs).

Navy Strength – Aircraft Carrier value includes both traditional aircraft carriers as well as “helicopter carrier” warships (the latter growing in popularity worldwide). Cruisers are no longer tracked due to their declining value on the world stage. Submarines value includes both diesel-electric and nuclear-powered types. Total Naval Assets is not simply a sum of the presented navy ship categories – instead it includes all showcased types along with any known / recognized auxiliary vessels (not tracked individually by this site).
The military power of Nigeria is still stronger than developed countries like South Africa, UAE, Finland, Austria.

3. Bangladesh: Bangladesh is currentyly ranked 57 (of 133 countries) according to the GFP review.
Image result for bangladesh military

Air Power – Includes both fixed-wing and rotary-wing (helicopter) aircraft from all branches of service (Air Force, Navy, Army). Air power is just one important component of the modern military force. Attack Aircraft represents fixed-wing and dedicated forms as well as light strike types (some basic and advanced trainers fill this role). Some fighters can double as attack types and vice versa – this is how multi-role aircraft can be of considerable value. Transport and Trainer aircraft include both fixed-wing and rotary-wing types. EXTERNAL LINK: Aircraft throughout the military history of Bangladesh.

Army Strength – Tank value includes Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) and light tanks (a few remain in service) as well as those vehicles considered “tank destroyers”. There is no distinction made between all-wheel and track-and-wheel designs. Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) value includes Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs) as well as Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs).

Navy Strength – Aircraft Carrier value includes both traditional aircraft carriers as well as “helicopter carrier” warships (the latter growing in popularity worldwide). Cruisers are no longer tracked due to their declining value on the world stage. Submarines value includes both diesel-electric and nuclear-powered types. Total Naval Assets is not simply a sum of the presented navy ship categories – instead it includes all showcased types along with any known / recognized auxiliary vessels (not tracked individually by this site).

The military power of Bangladesh is still stronger than developed countries like Portugal, Belgium, New Zealand.

7 Reasons Why You Should Become a Teacher

Wondering why you should quit your job and become a teacher? Even though teachers don’t have high paychecks, some people choose to be teachers and love their career choice. Teachers play a crucial role in creating a stable, professional and well-educated workforce. They also play a significant role in children development.

In many parts of the world, the number of people that want to teach children dwindles. It’s not only because of low paychecks, it’s because modern children are very complicated. They’re a completely different breed of human. They stop respecting teachers and being interested in education overall. Despite this, teaching is quite a rewarding career. Here’s why you should consider becoming a teacher:

1. It’s a steady job

Reasons Why You Should Become a Teacher
When working for a small or big company, there’s always a possibility of losing your job one day. Since teachers are in demand these days, you have a lower risk of job loss. The best part of having a steady job is that you know that you will definitely get your paycheck the next month.

2. You won’t feel stuck
Once in a while, you might feel overwhelmed , but not stuck. Teaching is tons of fun. Many teachers claim that their job helps them survive hard times and smile when they want to cry. Children may cause many problems, but mostly they tend to bring joy and happiness in our lives.

Moreover, you will learn many things and precious lessons not only from the books, but from your students as well. They will inspire you to be a better teacher and improve yourself. They might even teach you to respect and love yourself.

3. Share your knowledge
Okay, you can share your knowledge in the office, but it might work against you. When you share your knowledge with kids, though, you are sure that they won’t betray you. Sharing knowledge is a fantastic feeling. Imagine having this sort of feeling each work day. Isn’t it a good reason to become a teacher?

4. You will hear ‘thank you’ more often than ever
Despite the fact that students have a tendency to hate their teachers, teaching is a respected job. Most adults are thankful to their teachers for their knowledge. Parents are grateful to teachers for their work too. Most of us trust and respect teachers because we know that we won’t reach success without their knowledge.

5. You’ll have longer vacations
One of the benefits of being a teacher is that you have longer vacations each year. Many people working in the office have no vacation at all. Moreover, some of them haven’t taken a vacation for years. Teachers have a vacation, whether they want it or not, which makes it one of the best jobs for workaholics.

6. Feel proud of yourself
Watching your students tackle difficult tasks and enter prestigious universities will make you feel proud of yourself. As a teacher, you play a huge role in your students’ success. They know what they know thanks to you. This will make you feel proud of yourself each day.

7. Influence the next generation
As I mentioned above, modern kids are different breed of human. As a teacher, you can change their worldview or perspective. You have the power to shape new opportunities, new minds and brand new ideas. Shortly, you can totally influence the next generation.

Michelle Obama once said, “… good teachers aren’t just critical for the success of our students. They are the key to the success of our economy.” The more good teachers the country has, the more prosperous future it has. Of course, these are not all of the reasons why you should become a teacher. You may have your own ones too. Do you think teaching is a great job? If you are a teacher, let us know why you love your job.

5 Surprising Reasons Women Make Better Leaders Than Men

Men are confident about their leadership skills, and while they are just confident, women do use all their skills, becoming much better bosses than men. Like many others, I used to believe women were weak so I felt like an outsider when I got my senior management position 2 years ago.

Now I am realizing any woman from any part of the world is able to land her dream job and become a successful leader. The issue is, most women underestimate themselves. No offense, guys, but women make better leaders and here is why:

1. Women have better listening skills


Women have a tendency to listen even when they feel bored, while men are less patient and prefer to take actions instead. Every leader – be it a male or a female – must have excellent listening and communication skills. Women usually take each point of view into consideration and rarely interrupt a conversation.

2. They trust their gut instincts
Our intuition usually kicks in to warn us about bad or dangerous things. While men ignore their gut instincts (you know how confident they are), we women tend to overthink the issue and trust our intuition. Intuition is particularly crucial for people in a leadership role. Sorry, guys, but you need to learn how to trust your gut instincts first.

3. Multitasking is their talent
Hesitate over this? OK. Then, show me a man that can do a few tasks simultaneously without moaning and groaning. A woman can accomplish a project, make a dinner, do the laundry, wash the dishes, vacuum and nurse simultaneously and you will never hear about how tired she is. Men have trouble multitasking and this makes them worse leaders than women.

4. They are more patient
Girls have a weakness for the clothing and jewelry, but when it comes to a leadership, they are more patient than men. They do not jump to hasty conclusions and never make quick decisions. They will rather help their subordinates than get them fired. Men usually compete in a who-is-the-boss-here-contest and prevent other employees from boosting their career.

5. They are generous in giving praises
A male boss considers praises as useless words. A female boss, on the contrary, believes praises help to lift employees’ spirit and boost their productivity. No one wants to hear the negative feedback throughout the day. We all crave a little bit of praising at least once in a while. So, male bosses, if you want to be better leaders than women, you have to learn how to appreciate other people’s work.

Although there is always an exception in each aspect of life, lots of women have qualities that most men lack. Despite all the myths, a successful leader has to take enormous responsibility. Let’s not forget that a leader does more work than others in the company.

If you a woman, who is afraid to be a leader because of all those old beliefs that only men can be bosses, call on all your courage and climb the next mountain in your career. Is there any one of you who believes men are better leaders than women?

5 Simple Ways to Set Boundaries at Work

When you have been working in the company for many years, and you see no improvement but only complications, it means you need to learn how to set better boundaries in your workplace. Everyone in the office has the same basic needs and wants.

However, one thing becomes crystal clear – you are not them. You have your own needs and wants, and just because your boss wants you to do that extra task does not mean you want it. Here are five ways to help you set boundaries at work:

1. No hesitation


Your personal life must be a priority. Working those extra hours after the work day is over will not make you rich unless you are working for yourself. Don be afraid to say ‘no,’ when you have your own plans, or you do not feel like doing that task. Your health is much more precious than your boss’s respect. If they do not accept your ‘no,’ it is their own business. Do your job well during the working hours and say your office goodbye once it is time to go home.

2. Never accept more work than you can handle
This one goes hand in hand with saying ‘no.’ Stop trying to impress your boss, especially if they are one of those who do not care about their employees and their salaries. Impress your boss with quality rather than quantity, and let them know that you work only withing your working hours.

3. Practice self-care at work
No kidding, relying on vending machine stuff to satisfy your hunger is one of the worst things you can do for your health. Stop skipping lunch and bring healthy meals to work. Your body needs nutrients to work properly so make sure you eat healthy food during your lunchtime.

Moreover, try to take short breaks between your tasks and avoid negative talks, including gossiping. Practice positive thinking and do a few office-friendly exercises, if possible.

4. Do not set high expectations
It is easy to trick yourself into thinking that that extra task will bring you extra money. Do not set high expectations. While hard work is often rewarded, it all depends on your boss’s conscience.

Staying at the office until 9 pm to help your coworker to accomplish a project or do that extra task will not be rewarded. Focus on your family and strive to spend more time with them rather than with your projects.

5. Leave work at the office
This means no checking email after 6 pm, no bringing projects home, and no work over the weekends. Get it? Enjoy your time away from work and do things that bring you joy. Volunteering may bring you more pleasure than doing an extra project that only will make your boss richer, not you. Spending time with your nearest and dearest is a great activity that is much better than your work.

I know, working hard is great, but do not forget that we are on this earth for a short time, and we never know what tomorrow will bring, so stop making your job a priority, and start doing things that will add meaningfulness to your life.

8 Reasons It’s Wonderful to Have More Than 3 Kids

A friend of mine is a mom of three and she’s pregnant with her fourth child. But many people are surprised or even shocked to know that she’s going to have the fourth baby, while they have one child or no children at all. I was thinking about the reasons why people are afraid to have three and more kids. Instead, I’ve come up with ideas why it’s wonderful to have many children. Indeed, having many kids is rather stressful and testing, but it offers undeniable benefits and advantages. Most parents claim that the transition to the third and the fourth child is the easiest one, when you already have kids. If you still hesitate to have more than three children, keep reading to find out the reasons why it’s amazing to have many kids.

1. Children help you feel young
Having a baby after 35 is a common thing these days. But when it’s the third or the fourth baby, you will definitely feel younger. Scientists have proved that parents who have more children tend to live longer than those who have one child or are childfree. Being busy with your little ones in your 30s and 40s is a good way to forget about your age. Children change your perception of the world and time. As a result you feel happier and younger.

2. You will never regret having a big family
My granny often says ‘I wish I’d had more children and a big family’. My grandmother grew up in hard times and she couldn’t have many children. Having many kids is challenging both emotionally and financially and you are always afraid to fail as a parent. Many parents believe that having four children is an impracticable task. But when you learn to cope with two kids, it’s not that difficult to manage three and more. Nothing is better that a house full of happy laughter and noise where you never feel alone!

3. Children amuse each other
I grew up with two sisters and a brother and we had the happiest childhood ever. Due to a little age difference between us, we were never bored with each other. When children grow up in a big family they are provided with entertainment and great social communication from birth. You will always have a good company to make any game more interesting and gripping. Moreover, brothers and sisters almost always become closest friends who help and support each other throughout life.

4. When you get older, you’ll have more support
If you are having a bad day, be sure to have plenty of comforting hugs and kisses to cheer you up. When you have more children, you receive more love and more help. I’m by no means going to say that we should welcome children for the sake of support and help. But you always have plenty of hands to help you with laundry, household chores and purchasing. Your kids will always stand for each other in case of trouble or crisis.

5. Your children will be more sympathetic and generous
Sure, being selfish doesn’t always depend on the number of brothers and sisters you grew up with. Selfishness is an innate child’s characteristic. Moreover, growing up in a big family often implies certain competition for parents’ attention or presents. But growing up in a big family certainly influences the child’s behavior positively. Children learn to share and sympathize when they know they aren’t the only one.

6. Big family helps build character and responsibility
While parents are busy with their jobs or household duties, older children are often in charge of smaller ones. They learn to look after and be responsible for their siblings; as a result they grow up more disciplined, reliable and trustworthy. From my own experience I can say that living in a big family is almost always crazy, noisy and chaotic. But when children learn to live and thrive in such conditions, they build a strong character and confidence.

7. Growing up in a big family increases chances of becoming successful in life
Numerous studies show that children from large families are less likely to divorce in comparison with children who grew up alone. The fact is that children, who grew up with siblings, have better negotiation skills. They are prepared to deal with conflicts and take other people’s opinion. Sure, growing up with three brothers and two sisters cannot guarantee that your child will have a perfect family life. But it multiplies their chances of living a happy life.

8. Children make you utterly happy
Children are the biggest joy and happiness that two loving people can receive from their relationship. Even though children always require a personal sacrifice and total commitment, you’ll find blessing in their smiles and hugs and trusting eyes.

Having a big family is beneficial to both parents and children since all the members learn to support each other, share things and reach a compromise. The decision to have the third or the fourth child is critical and highly important. But if you make up your mind to have another child, toss aside your fears and doubts. It’s up to you to make your big family as loving and solid as you can. Are you going to have a big family?

10 Common Misbeliefs about Women

Do you really think you know women? For centuries men have been puzzled over a woman’s nature. Even now, in the era of investigations and technology, when the Internet is teeming with facts and statistics, men are still guided by ridiculous stereotypes and misbeliefs.

Women are believed to be the weaker sex and the most romantic creatures in the world, but do you credit all this stuff? Read on to learn 10 most wide-spread misbeliefs about women.

1. Women work worse than men
The statistics claim that women’s earnings tend to be 30 percent lower in comparison with their male colleagues. Men are viewed as better workers, thus they receive higher salary. In reality women proved to be unsurpassed professionals in most life spheres, which aren’t connected to great physical activity.

Moreover, women are recognized as more responsible and active workers. The fact that women are in charge of housing and children upbringing, while men are almost always bread-winners only, is also important.

2. Women want an equal treatment
Even if your girlfriend is a profound and confirmed feminist, this statement has little in common with truth. We never want to be treated like we can fix the furniture or a car. Women say that they want an equal treatment just to show that they can manage many things on their own.

They can manage, but they don’t really want to! Women still expect to be treated with courtliness and to be looked after! We hate telling you that, but such an attitude makes us feel special.

3. Women are afraid of pain
The truth is that women are much less sensible to pain and they have much higher pain threshold. A female body contains higher concentration of analgesic agents, which allow women to survive labor pain.

Throes of childbirths cannot lead to fatal changes in their cardiovascular and nervous systems. Plus, women are less likely to faint at the sight of blood due to certain peculiarities of their physiology.

4. Women are less intelligent
This is an utterly interesting fact. Women tend to display usual IQ scores; they have neither extremely high nor low results. Experiments show that female students have insignificant difference in points, while male students have both the highest and the lowest points.

As a result, women have a higher average intelligence index. While most geniuses in this world are men, many women are geniuses as well.

5. Women like to catch trifles
Men are known to be utterly visual creatures. That’s why we spend 2 hours in front of the mirror and wear all those pink dresses, heels, and makeup. Yes, sometimes we do love it. But we find jeans, flats and a pony tail much more comfortable.

6. Women are the weaker sex
Women are certainly the weaker sex, but they get through life troubles easier. They have a great will power, endurance and a stronger mental health.

Women are less affected by enduring hunger and thirst, temperature drop and radiation. Moreover, women are more resistant to infectious diseases and anomalies during prenatal development. This is the actual reason why most long-livers are found among females.

7. Women established monogamy
The fact is that men are more interested in physical side of relationship, while women need close emotional connection. That’s why women are believed to be concerned with monogamy more than men.

From an evolutional point of view, however, polygamy is much more convenient and beneficial exactly to women! In polygamous relationship women can choose the most successful, powerful, well-to-do and the healthiest male who can guarantee healthy posterity and security.

8. Women are victims of domestic violence
This is another deep-rooted stereotype. The percentage of men assaulted by their girlfriends or wives is significantly higher than thought. The problem of domestic violence is viewed as male perpetrator/female victim, but the statistics show another data.

Nowadays up to 40 percent of males are victims of spouse abuse. However, the problem is almost always neglected by police, social organizations and media.

9. Women don’t care about men’s appearance
When asked what features are most important in the spouse, men and women rate physical appearance differently. However, both males and females consider attractiveness as a very important thing.

Every girl has an ideal image of a spouse in her mind, but the real guy should not necessarily correspond to this image. Women always appreciate neat, well-groomed and well-mannered men.

10. Women are more romantic
Do you remember what Ryan Gosling says in Blue Valentine? ‘I feel like men are more romantic than women. I mean they spend their whole life looking for Prince Charming and then they marry the guy who’s got a good job and is gonna stick around.’ Yes, we don’t care about romantic stuff that much.

This misbelief was imposed by numerous romantic comedies and romance novels. Surprisingly, but women are not concerned about romantic issues like men.

Yes, men often forget the date of your anniversary, they don’t remember about the most important holidays and they buy gifts at the last moment, but males have a more romantic outlook. Guys also eagerly believe ‘in love at first sight’. Women, however, tend to have a more realistic and practical mindset.

Sure, you cannot apply all the points to a particular woman since a person can hardly come under a rough classification or category. I just tried to show that men should not base their conclusions on common stereotypes and misbeliefs about an opposite sex.

The aforementioned facts are typical for women, but every individual requires a unique approach and treatment. Do you agree with this list?

5 Credit Card Lies We All Believe

Can you imagine your life without credit cards? Not sure. While many claim we should get rid of all our credit cards, having one card will not hurt. Let’s not forget that Walter Cavanagh has 1,497 credit cards and he is not broke.

I am definitely not promoting to have tons of credit cards, but if you have one, make sure you do not believe in these common credit card myths that can prevent you from taking a full advantage of your current credit card.

1. Credit card is a source of constant debts
This is partially true. On the one hand, it is hard to stop buying things when you know you ‘have’ money. On the other hand, when you use your credit card responsibly, it can make your life easier. If you know that you can pay back at the end of the month, why not take advantage of it?

2. You should never pay down 100% of the balance
Credit cards save us in the most unexpected and difficult situation, so having the one is a great idea. Many people believe that if they pay down 100% of the balance, they risk having a bad credit score. It is a myth.

Unless you pay your credit card bill late or do not pay it at all, your credit score will keep increasing. Never miss your credit card bill’s due date and never buy anything expensive when you know that you have no money to pay even your minimum.

3. Cancelling your credit card affects your credit score
I have cancelled my credit cards many times, and it has never affected my credit score. If you do not use your credit card, and you are sure you will not need it down the road, cancel it. If you do not keep a balance, your credit score will stay the same. However, if you do keep a balance, make sure you pay it down before cancelling your credit card.

4. Having more than two credit cards is a disaster
There is a reason a lot of people have more than one credit card these days. First of all, because of bonuses that credit cards offer. You will not hurt your credit score if you open several credit cards to get those bonuses.

But if you have trouble splurging on the things you do not actually need, or your partner has a tendency to spend money on bad habits like drinking or smoking, it is best to cancel all of your credit cards. It is so easy to spend money, but it is so hard to earn them and give them back to the bank.

5. Opening a credit card to get the rewards is a bad idea
Again, if you have a strong self-control, why not? After all, you can get a plane ticket for your summer vacation for free, and then get another ticket for a spontaneous trip for free. Even though these bonuses and rewards are just smart marketing tools to get people to use the credit card more often, there is still an advantage to take.

Credit cards are not our enemies. They can be our friends too. All we should do is to learn how to use a credit card responsibly. I am definitely not suggesting you have dozens of cards. If you need them, it is okay. If you never use your credit card, cancel it. That’s it. Is your credit card your enemy or friend?

5 Surprising Reasons Women Make Better Leaders Than Men

Men are confident about their leadership skills, and while they are just confident, women do use all their skills, becoming much better bosses than men. Like many others, I used to believe women were weak so I felt like an outsider when I got my senior management position 2 years ago.

Now I am realizing any woman from any part of the world is able to land her dream job and become a successful leader. The issue is, most women underestimate themselves. No offense, guys, but women make better leaders and here is why:

Reasons Women Make Better Leaders Than Men

1. Women have better listening skills
Women have a tendency to listen even when they feel bored, while men are less patient and prefer to take actions instead. Every leader – be it a male or a female – must have excellent listening and communication skills. Women usually take each point of view into consideration and rarely interrupt a conversation.

2. They trust their gut instincts
Our intuition usually kicks in to warn us about bad or dangerous things. While men ignore their gut instincts (you know how confident they are), we women tend to overthink the issue and trust our intuition. Intuition is particularly crucial for people in a leadership role. Sorry, guys, but you need to learn how to trust your gut instincts first.

3. Multitasking is their talent
Hesitate over this? OK. Then, show me a man that can do a few tasks simultaneously without moaning and groaning. A woman can accomplish a project, make a dinner, do the laundry, wash the dishes, vacuum and nurse simultaneously and you will never hear about how tired she is. Men have trouble multitasking and this makes them worse leaders than women.

4. They are more patient
Girls have a weakness for the clothing and jewelry, but when it comes to a leadership, they are more patient than men. They do not jump to hasty conclusions and never make quick decisions. They will rather help their subordinates than get them fired. Men usually compete in a who-is-the-boss-here-contest and prevent other employees from boosting their career.

5. They are generous in giving praises
A male boss considers praises as useless words. A female boss, on the contrary, believes praises help to lift employees’ spirit and boost their productivity. No one wants to hear the negative feedback throughout the day. We all crave a little bit of praising at least once in a while. So, male bosses, if you want to be better leaders than women, you have to learn how to appreciate other people’s work.

Although there is always an exception in each aspect of life, lots of women have qualities that most men lack. Despite all the myths, a successful leader has to take enormous responsibility. Let’s not forget that a leader does more work than others in the company.

If you a woman, who is afraid to be a leader because of all those old beliefs that only men can be bosses, call on all your courage and climb the next mountain in your career. Is there any one of you who believes men are better leaders than women?

Your kitchen sponge could have more bacteria than a toilet seat

It’s probably best to replace sponges like this weekly, especially if you live with children, sick people or old folks.

Pixabay

They are often damp, continuously introduced to new microbial cells, and are one of the biggest reservoirs of active bacteria in your whole house. And they aren’t even located in your bathroom.

We are talking about kitchen sponges.
The very thing that you use to “clean up” after a meal or snack contains the second highest load of coliform bacteria in the whole house, after your drain traps. A new study by researchers at several institutions in Germany investigates the role of kitchen sponges and their capability to collect and spread bacteria, even pathogens.

Study author Markus Egert of Furtwangen University says the group collected sponges donated from private households in the Villingen-Schwenningen region of Germany and analyzed the DNA and RNA of the microbes that made their homes in those common cleaning tools.

“We detected 362 different bacterial species in the 14 investigated sponges,” he told Popular Science in an e-mail. “Locally, the density of bacteria reached 54 billion per square centimeter of sponge tissue, which is similar to the microbial density of stool samples.”

Basically, he says, one square centimeter of sponge tissue contains seven or eight times more bacteria than the number of human beings living on earth. Two square centimeters of sponge tissue contain as many bacteria as the number of human beings that ever have lived on earth so far.

“Three trillion human beings put into Grand Canyon would create a similar concentration of ‘biomass’ as bacteria in a used kitchen sponge,” Egert says.

The study shows that five of the ten most abundant species detected are categorized as potential pathogens, meaning they could cause infections in humans, particularly in those with a weak immune system like old people, sick people, and children.

And to make things worse, cleaning your sponge might not be making anything better. The study reports that two of the ten dominant bacterias, which are closely related to potentially pathogenic species Chryseobacterium hominis and Moraxella osloensis, showed greater proportions in regularly sanitized sponges.

“We assume that typical sponge cleaning techniques do not kill all bacteria inside,” says Egert. “The remaining species, which are, for unknown reasons, more resistant to the cleaning methods than the ones that get killed, proliferate again and grow up to higher shares than before. It might be similar to the use of antibiotics, where some bacteria can survive due to resistance against the drug.”

One these abundant and cleaning-resistant species, Moraxella osloensis, is known to cause stinky laundry, which may be why sponges smell so gross after a while, Egert says. The study also shows that since these bacteria tend to multiply upon sanitizing, the more times the sponge is cleaned the more pungent it becomes.

Next steps for the researchers include investigating the actual pathogenicity of the kitchen sponge microbiome and looking into different sponge-cleaning techniques and their effects. For now, the moral of the story is replace your sponges regularly to avoid getting sick.

Egert recommends replacing your “dirty old friend” weekly, especially if you live or work in a hygiene-sensitive area, like a hospital or cafeteria, or if you have sick or older people in your home.

If you are having trouble parting ways with a yucky old sponge, he says that cleaned sponges could be used in a place that is less hygiene-sensitive, like a garden.

“Don’t be afraid of your sponge, but be aware that it contains billions of potentially pathogenic germs,” Egert says.

8 Reasons Why Confidence Is Better Than Hope

People are different and everyone has their own world view and various beliefs. While some people say that there`s nothing possible without hope and only a hopeful person can be successful in life, others think that confidence is the key to success. But what do you think about it? I personally support the second opinion and here you have some reasons why confidence will make you a happier person but not hope…

1. You know what you want

What`s hope? A hopeful person is the one who believes in better times and thinks positively about the future. But such people don`t have set goals. They have only expectations. Confident people always know what they want. They have a plan they keep to and they know what to do and how to act. You don`t wait for the miracle if you have confidence because you want to make all dreams come true.

2. You don`t wait

Confidence takes all your time and there`s no free minute to wait for something anymore because you have lots of tasks to accomplish. Your life is full of interesting adventures as being a confident person means having no fear to try unknown things. Waiting for something good to happen is all about hope. It gives you no guarantees for better future. What would you choose?

3. You always have something to do

We often don`t do many things we`re not sure about and then regret about it. There`s actually no need to hesitate whether to do what you want or not if you`re sure that you want it. It`s actually possible if you`re a confident individual. Hopeful people can have a lot to do too but only if they are confident at the same time.

More: Do More, See More: Why You Should Follow Your Dreams

4. You look for the best solution

In case of some trouble confidence makes us look for the best solution because we know for sure that there is some. Hope doesn`t make you act and try but it leaves you alone with your thoughts and expectations. The one who wants something looks for the best way, but the one who hopes only waits and wants.

5. You`re ready for more

Confident people are always ready for more as they don`t follow any limits or rules. They always do their best in everything and, this way, they develop their skills and possibilities. People who hope would rather be satisfied with what they have and it`s actually great but it gives them no push for more accomplishments and achievements.

6. You can accept changes

Life is unpredictable and often brings us the most unexpected changes. It`s important to be able to face any situation with dignity and accept it like all successful people do. Hope means expect something and we become sad when our expectations turn to be wrong. Be confident about everything you do and don’t be afraid to encounter any turn on your life road.

7. You feel better

When you hope for something to happen you sometimes face failures because things don’t always go the way you want. It affects your emotional health and may even cause a depression, but it will never happen if you stop waiting for something and start doing what you want instead.

More: These 7 Techniques Will Help You Live a Stress-Free Life

8. You attract successful people

We`re mostly surrounded by people that we have lots in common with. If you hope but don`t try to change anything for better you attract lazy and diffident people. If you`re confident and strong you become successful and you mostly have initiative and happy people around. Our surrounding makes a huge impact on our lives so it`s better to pay enough attention to this fact.

Hope is definitely the thing everyone should have because otherwise there`s no positive way of thinking. Positivity is highly important as it lets us see the bright side of life – however you can`t be successful and get everything you want by just thinking and hoping. You should be totally sure that all you do is great and you can always get more out of your life. Confidence is more crucial than hope because it makes us act and reach our goals but not only speak beautifully. Do you agree that hope definitely needs confidence to make your life fully happy?